Body Dysmorphic Disorder BDD

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) Therapy

MENTAL HEALTH CONDITION: Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders A mental health condition that is characterized by an obsessive focus on perceived flaws in physical appearance. These flaws are often non-existent or minor, yet they cause significant distress and impair daily functioning, including social and work activities.

Defining Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD):

This disorder involves an excessive preoccupation with perceived imperfections in appearance. Affected individuals might spend hours daily fixated on these flaws, leading to repetitive behaviors like excessive grooming or constant comparison with others. Although any body part can be the focus, the skin, hair, or nose are often areas of concern. The level of worry is typically disproportionate to the actual severity of the physical feature (if any).

Recognizing the Symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD):

  • Obsessive focus on an imagined or minor defect in appearance.
  • This fixation causes significant distress or impairment in important life areas.
  • The concern is distinct and not explained by another mental health issue, like anorexia nervosa.

This condition often results in intense emotional distress and impacts various life aspects, such as work, social interactions, and personal relationships. Effective treatment generally includes cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), aimed at altering negative thoughts and behaviors associated with the condition, and medication options like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).